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Landscape Guidelines: Revised

Landscape Section of the Design Review Guidelines Is Rewritten
The portion of the Las Campanas Design Guidelines covering Landscaping (Part 4) has been rewritten. The primary purpose of rewriting this part of the Guidelines is to provide greater flexibility for plantings in courtyard type areas not seen from other properties and in other areas outside the walls of the house but in close proximity to the house. Click here to view the revised Landscape Guidelines.

Previously, the Guidelines contained a list of plants permitted in each of these areas (these areas are approximate, but are not identical to, the “Private Area” and “Perimeter Transition Zone” provided for previously in the Guidelines). The Guidelines as rewritten now describe in general terms what types of plants are permitted so that owners and their landscapers are not limited to a list when there might be other similar plants that would be suitable.

Generally, great flexibility is allowed in areas not seen from other properties. In other areas in close proximity to the house, plants generally in use in Santa Fe landscapes, and generally available locally, are permitted (see the revised Guidelines for specifics). The "Natural Area" (the portion of a lot beyond the immediate proximity of the house) must still remain substantially natural as was required under the old Guidelines, and there is still a list of approved plants for this area (see revised Guidelines for specifics here as well). There also is still a "Prohibited Plants" List which lists plants not permitted in Las Campanas. Both the Natural Area Approved Plants List and the Prohibited Plants List have been revised. Height restrictions and other general provisions in the Guidelines will eliminate some plants from consideration, and the fact that each lot has a limited water allocation will, as a practical matter, limit choices as well. Still, the revised Guidelines should allow greater flexibility to owners and their landscapers.

Section 2.2.6 of the Guidelines, covering procedures and requirements for submitting landscape plans to the Design Review Committee, has also been rewritten. The changes are largely to make the section clearer and to make the section conform to the changes discussed above; the changes are not intended to substantially change the procedures and requirements previously in place.

Rewriting Part 4 of the Guidelines necessitated some other changes to other parts of the Guidelines to make the language in those other places fit with the revised landscape Guidelines.

A copy of the revised and approved landscape guidelines (Part 4 of the Las Campanas Design Review Guidelines), and the revised and approved Natural Area Approved Plants List (Appendix B of the Guidelines is below. 

Note: the remainder of Appendix B in the old Guidelines has been deleted as the other plant lists formerly contained there have been discontinued), and the revised Section 2.2.6 of the Guidelines.



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Rewritten Landscape Section of Guidelines:

IV. LANDSCAPE DESIGN

4.0 INTRODUCTION

A principal goal of the Guidelines is the preservation of Las Campanas’ natural landscape, open spaces and terrain. The following provisions of the Guidelines outline policies aimed toward maintaining these features within the context of a residential development. The Guidelines also take into account that Las Campanas is located in a semi-arid region that requires water conservation. Extensive planting areas that require a high demand for water are not allowed. Irrigation requirements for all plant material, when combined with interior use, shall not exceed the water allocation for each lot (see also Section 1.2). Actual irrigation water usage will be verified upon submittal for any request for additional landscaping; Owners in violation of their water allocation shall not be permitted any further landscape supplementation until water usage is in compliance.

4.1 PLANTING AREAS AND PERMISSIBLE PLANTINGS

Three distinct planting zones have been identified, and are listed below, along with permissible plantings for each:

4.1.1 Architectural Landscape Area. The Architectural Landscape Area is defined as a zone including all areas within courtyard walls, area extending 20 feet beyond building walls and area extending 12 feet beyond yard walls; generally the Architectural Landscape Zone should not extend outside the Developable Area and any encroachments beyond the Developable Area (even if within the footage limitations set forth above) may not be approved. Variations to these distances from building walls and yard walls (both extensions and contractions) may be allowed or required by the Committee (for example, on large lots the distance may be extended slightly) where appropriate to honor the goals that the Architectural Landscape Area be an area that appears to be in close proximity to the residence and that provides transition to the Natural Area and that the Architectural Landscape Area does not unduly encroach on the Natural Area and the open space feeling it provides. Any plant material is allowed except that which is shown on the Prohibited Plant List (see Appendix B), however in those portions of the Architectural Landscape Area which are not behind walls which obscure its view from other lots, streets and common areas plant types must be plant types generally in use in the Santa Fe area, and generally available from local nurseries and other providers in the Santa Fe area (plants may be obtained elsewhere, but must be types generally locally available). Plantings in the Architectural Landscape Area are subject to the water use restrictions referred to in Section 4.0 above and to other applicable planting restrictions contained in these Guidelines. Turf grass lawns (for example, blue grass or fescue), and high water use ground covers, may only be used behind courtyard walls and must not be visible from other lots, streets or public areas, and must not exceed 800 total square feet.

4.1.2 Driveway Entrance Area. A small area, not to exceed 100 square feet on each side of the driveway, where the driveway intersects the street, may also be designated by the Owner (on an approved landscape plan) to be Driveway Entrance Area. There is no list of approved plants for this area, but the intent is that the area would be “enhanced native” vegetation, and no plant types other than plant types generally in use in the Santa Fe area (as discussed above for portions of the Architectural Landscape Area) will be permitted (plants on the Prohibited Plans List, and turf grasses and high water use ground covers are also not permitted). Plantings in this area are subject to the water use restrictions referred to in Section 4.0 above and to other applicable planting restrictions contained in these Guidelines. No portion of the Driveway Entrance Area may be closer to the street that the culvert headwalls.

4.1.3 Natural Area. All areas of a lot which are not either in the Architectural Landscape Area or the Driveway Entrance Area are defined as Natural Area. The philosophy behind the Natural Area is to provide a natural, open space between residences and other developed areas that gives a feeling of openness and living in the natural environment. The Natural Area is to remain in its natural state. Any plants planted in the Natural Area must be plants occurring in the native landscape of the Las Campanas area (see the Natural Area Approved Plants List on Appendix B). Planting in the Natural Area shall generally be limited to planting required to replace vegetation that is damaged or destroyed in construction or has died.

4.2 PROHIBITED PLANTS LIST.

The plants on the Prohibited Plants List (see Appendix B) are not to be planted in Las Campanas. Generally, these are plants with characteristics that are potentially destructive or that may be undesirable due to noxious characteristics. The list does not address plants that are not suitable to our area due to hardiness or inappropriate aesthetics. Additionally, the prohibited list, does not address plants that may violate the height restrictions stated within these Guidelines (section 4.3). In addition to those noted in Appendix B, Las Campanas also prohibits the plants listed in the New Mexico Noxious Weeds list found on the website plants.usda.gov.

4.3 HEIGHT AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS

Other than trees on the Natural Area Approved Plants List or aspens, trees with an expected mature height in excess of 35 feet are not permitted. Aspens must be planted in clusters (as they are typically found in nature), with at least three trees in each cluster, and there shall not be more than 15 aspen trees on a lot. Trees (other than trees on the Natural Area Approved Plant List or aspens) with an expected mature height which would cause them to be visible above the house at the location where planted shall not exceed 7 in number on a lot; the number of such trees will reduce the number of permitted aspens on a 1 to 1 basis (for example, if 3 such trees are planned on a lot the number of aspens on such lot will be limited to 12). The standard for determining anticipated heights at maturity shall be based on Dirr’s Hardy Trees and Shrubs, An Illustrated Encyclopedia by Michael A. Dirr (for trees for which such data is not included in such reference, information from other reliable sources may be considered by the Committee). Due to regional climatic conditions affect on plant growth, the final height at maturity shall be assumed to be 70% of the lower figure of the given height range. For example, a tree specified with a mature height of 30-50 feet shall be considered to be 70% of 30 feet, or 21 feet tall. If a particular tree exceeds such height limitations, after growth over a period of time (or when initially planted), the Committee may require that it be removed or trimmed so that it will be within such limitations.

Trees shall have minimum truck calipers (diameters) of at least 2 inches. Screen trees shall be planted with an initial height to satisfy the required screening needs.

Planting shall not occur in setbacks, except as provided above for the Driveway Entrance Area, and except for trees planted to replace trees which have died and which are planted at the approximate same location (and bushes planted to replace bushes which have died and which are planted at the approximate same location).

Trees should be planted in ways that avoid adverse impact on the views of neighboring lots. If, in the opinion of the Committee, tree locations would potentially block views, the Committee may disapprove of the planting altogether or require the tree or trees be planted in a different location.

Should the Committee, in its opinion, determine that any planting of any plant material is inappropriate, because of location, size, color, conformance, density, distribution or any other reason, the Committee may disapprove of the planting altogether or require the planting occur in a different location. All planting (including plant material and location) is subject to the approval of the Committee in its discretion.

Gravel, granular mulches or mulches of a highly contrasting color to the native soil, and large areas of unplanted mulch, are not permitted except behind walls which obscure their view from other lots, streets and common areas. Native grass groundcover or biodegradable mulch is encouraged below new plantings.

4.4 REVEGETATION

Portions of a lot disturbed during construction must be reclaimed. In the case of such areas that fall within the Natural Area, the same should be replanted with native vegetation similar to the vegetative cover for the undisturbed portions of the Natural Area. In addition to following the other portions of these Guidelines in conducting such reclamation, the following standards will be considered minimal requirements for such reclamation of the disturbed portions of the Natural Area:

a. Seed and mulch with a native seed mix having the same general proportions of native grasses, wildflowers, etc as the other portions of the Natural Area. A list of preferred seed mixes, and where they may be obtained, is available from the Design Review Coordinator.

b. Revegetate with native trees and plants (on the Natural area Approved Plants List) in a density and size equal to that of the density and size of vegetation in other portions of the Natural Area (except to the extent additional planting may be permitted in portions of the Natural Area by section 4.1.3 above).

C. Revegetation mulch must be biodegradable and temporary, applied for the purpose of seed establishment, and may be seed-free straw, native grass, wildflower hay or hydroseed mulch. Gravel, granular mulches or mulches of a highly contrasting color to the native soil are not permitted in a revegetation application.

4.5 PROTECTING AND PRESERVING PLANTS

[same as current section 4.3]

4.6 TREE REMOVAL AND TRANSPLANTATION

[same as current section 4.4, but last two sentences deleted]

4.7 REVISED LANDSCAPE PLAN

[same as current section 4.5]

Rewritten Section 2.2.6 of the Guidelines:

2.2.6 Landscape Plans

In the case of construction of a new residence, and any other construction where landscaping is appropriate, prior to Final Inspection of such construction, a Landscape Plan must be submitted to the Committee for approval and all approved landscaping must be substantially completed. No additional fee will be charged for review of such plan, such review is covered by the fee charged in connection with the submittal to the Committee for such construction, and no additional bond will be collected in connection with implementation of such plan, such implementation is covered by the bonds collected in connection with such construction. In situations where additional landscaping and/or revisions to existing landscaping is contemplated with respect to an existing residence, unrelated to construction, a Landscape Plan must also be submitted unless the additions and/or revisions are minor and consistent with a previously approved Landscape Plan. No fee will be collected in connection with review of such a submittal unless such submittal is unusually extensive (for example a substantially complete replacement of existing landscaping) in which case a fee of $500 may be charged by the Committee in its discretion; as provided in Section 2.2.8, a Compliance Bond (of $1000) will be collected in connection with implementation of such a plan.

The following guidelines shall apply to all submittals of Landscape Plans, however the Committee may in its discretion allow more informal submittals (which, for example, might consist of diagrams or digital photos to describe the scope of work) where the plan is not extensive and does not relate to construction of a new residence.

A site plan shall be submitted which shall show the entire lot and shall show the location of the Developable Area boundary, all setbacks, the exterior walls of the residence and all portals, patios, yard walls, retaining walls, hot tubs, pools and other construction covered by the construction plans (or existing), and the driveway and parking areas (or in the case of plans not related to construction of a new residence, enough of the lot and such other matters to show the proposed landscaping and to put it into context with improvements and existing landscaping) .

All proposed planting shall be indicated on the site plan, showing species, location quantity and established size of all plants; all with adequate notes (including a plant list) to fully inform the Committee. All proposed trees must meet the mature height specifications in Section 4.3. The boundaries of the Architectural Landscape Area (see Section 4.1.1) and (if applicable) Driveway Entrance Area (see Section 4.1.2) shall be shown on the plan. All existing trees will be shown as well as any proposed removals or relocations of existing trees; reasons for each proposed removal or relocation shall be noted. Any revegetation that is required, or appropriate, shall be indicated (see also Section 4.4).

All hardscape that is proposed to installed (including walkways, drives, yard walls, retaining walls, patios, portals, outdoor fireplaces, hot tubs, pools, sculpture and water features) shall be shown on the site plan, as shall all imported rocks, mulch, permaculture features, land restoration, grading and drainage work. Please take note of the other sections of the Guidelines pertaining to such matters, including Sections 3.9 (grading & drainage), 3.17 (pools & hot tubs), 3.20 (outdoor fireplaces), 5.3 (retaining walls), 5.17 (yard walls) and 5.24 (sculptures and water features). To the extent screening of items such as guest parking, hot tubs, pools, patios, water features or sculptures is required, such screening shall be indicated on the landscape plan.

All lighting that is proposed to be added (see particularly Section 3.22.2 for guidelines applicable to exterior lighting, which will apply to landscape lighting) shall be shown on the plan. If any landscape lighting was submitted and approved as part of the construction plans, or is existing, it shall be shown on the plan but the fact it was previously approved shall be noted. Manufacturers catalogue cut sheets shall be submitted for all lighting fixtures and each fixture shall be identified on the plan so that it can be identified with the applicable cut sheet; circuiting and switching for all fixtures shall be indicated in addition to location of fixtures.

Plans shall be drawn to a minimum scale of 1"=10', and may consist of a single sheet if otherwise complete and adequate.

Each Landscape Plan submittal shall include an Estimated Annual Water Use form signed by a landscape architect or designer verifying that the irrigation requirements, when combined with interior use, will not exceed the water allocated for the lot plus captured rainfall and/or stored water (see also section 1.2 and Water Allocations section VII). An Estimated Annual Water Use form will be required for lots in Estates I and II, even though those lots are subject to City of Santa Fe water jurisdiction, in order to further Las Campanas water conservation ethic–for the purpose of such form, allocation per lot for such lots will be one-half acre foot per lot. Where a landscape plan is submitted for additions or revisions to existing landscaping the Committee may waive furnishing of an Estimated Annual Water Use form (if not waived, the form must consider not only additions or revisions, but also existing landscaping that is not affected by the pan, as well as interior use); owners are advised that the Committee may review existing water use in connection with any proposed additions or revisions to landscaping, and may reject such plans if existing water use indicates that water allocations are not being complied with or may not be complied with if plan is approved.

Rewritten Natural Area Plant List:

Las Campanas Natural Area Approved Plant List Grasses Botanical Name Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis hymenoides Needle and Thread Grass Stipa comata Side Oats Bouteloua curtipendula Streambank Wheatgrass Agropyron riparium Galleta Hilaria jamesii Alkali sacaton Sporobolus airoides Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Spike Muhly Muhlenbergia wrightii Sand Dropseed Sporobolus cryptandrus Wildflowers Sweet Sand Verbena Abronia fragrans Purple Aster Aster bigelovii Indian Paintbrush Castilleja integra Baby Aster Chaetopappa ericoides Hairy Golden Aster Chrysopsis villosa Rocky Mountain Beeplant Cleome serrulata Perky Sue Hymenoxys argentea Long-flowered Gilly Ipomopsis longiflora Blue Starflower Ipomopsis multifora Mounding Peppergrass Lepidium medium Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum Desert Four O’clock Mirabilis multiflora Sand Evening Primrose Oenothera coronopifolia Scorpionflower Phacelia integrifolia Paperflower Psilostrophe tagetina Threadleaf Groundsel Senecio longilobus Lobeleaf Coppermallow Sphaeralcea angustifolia lobata Cota Thelesperma megapoticum Purple Verbena Verbena wrightii Golden Crownbeard Verbesina encelioides Shrubs and Trees Sand Sage Artemisia filifolia Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens Winter Fat Ceratoides lanata Chamisa Chrysothamnus nauseosus Apache Plume Fallugia paradoxa Snakeweed Gutierrezia sarothrae One-Seed Juniper Juniperus monosperma Wolfberry Lycium pallidum Prickly Pear Opuntia sp. Cholla Opuntia imbricate Pinon Pine Pinus edulis Three-leaf Sumac Rhus trilobata Wax Currant Ribes cereum Narrowleaf Yucca Yucca glauca Vegetables Buffalo Gourd Cucurbita foetidissima



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Rewritten Natural Area Plant List:
Las Campanas Natural Area Approved Plant List

Grasses
Blue Grama; Bouteloua gracilis
Indian Ricegrass; Oryzopsis hymenoides
Needle and Thread Grass; Stipa comata
Side Oats; Bouteloua curtipendula
Streambank Wheatgrass; Agropyron riparium
Galleta; Hilaria jamesii
Alkali sacaton; Sporobolus airoides
Little Bluestem; Schizachyrium scoparium
Spike Muhly; Muhlenbergia wrightii
Sand Dropseed; Sporobolus cryptandrus


Wildflowers
Sweet Sand Verbena; Abronia fragrans
Purple Aster; Aster bigelovii
Indian Paintbrush; Castilleja integra
Baby Aster; Chaetopappa ericoides
Hairy Golden Aster; Chrysopsis villosa
Rocky Mountain Beeplant; Cleome serrulata
Perky Sue; Hymenoxys argentea
Long-flowered Gilly; Ipomopsis longiflora
Blue Starflower; Ipomopsis multifora
Mounding Peppergrass; Lepidium medium
Blackfoot Daisy; Melampodium leucanthum
Desert Four O’clock; Mirabilis multiflora
Sand Evening Primrose; Oenothera coronopifolia
Scorpionflower; Phacelia integrifolia
Paperflower; Psilostrophe tagetina
Threadleaf Groundsel; Senecio longilobus
Lobeleaf Coppermallow; Sphaeralcea angustifolia lobata
Cota; Thelesperma megapoticum
Purple Verbena; Verbena wrightii
Golden Crownbeard; Verbesina encelioides


Shrubs and Trees
Sand Sage; Artemisia filifolia
Fourwing Saltbush; Atriplex canescens
Winter Fat; Ceratoides lanata
Chamisa; Chrysothamnus nauseosus
Apache Plume; Fallugia paradoxa
Snakeweed; Gutierrezia sarothrae
One-Seed Juniper; Juniperus monosperma
Wolfberry; Lycium pallidum
Prickly Pear; Opuntia sp.
Cholla; Opuntia imbricate
Pinon Pine; Pinus edulis
Three-leaf Sumac; Rhus trilobata
Wax Currant; Ribes cereum
Narrowleaf Yucca; Yucca glauca


Vegetables
Buffalo Gourd; Cucurbita foetidissima



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